Pronomes pessoais e vocabulário relacionados à família.

PERSONAL PRONOUNS AND VOCABULARY RELATED TO FAMILY

Tópicos
- Compreender os equivalentes dos pronomes pessoais em português e inglês e a sua colocação na frase.
- Compreender vocabulário acerca da família.
- Exercícios de consolidação.

COMPREENDER OS EQUIVALENTES DOS PRONOMES PESSOAIS EM  PORTUGUÊS E INGLÊS E A SUA COLOCAÇÃO NA FRASE.

Vamos começar por conhecer os equivalentes em inglês dos pronomes pessoais em português:

Eu - I
Tu - You
Ele - He
Ela - She
Ele/ela (objeto) - It
Nós - We
Vós - You
Eles/elas - They

PERSONAL PRONOUNS / PRONOMES PESSOAIS

A colocação dos pronomes pessoais na frase dá-se no início da mesma:

I have a dog. Eu tenho um cão.
You are my brother. Tu és meu irmão.

O pronome pessoal tem que concordar com o verbo, apesar de os verbos ingleses, salvo os auxiliares, não variarem, excepto na terceira pessoa do singular.

I eat oranges. Eu como laranjas.
You eat apples. Tu comes maçãs.

O pronome “it” (3ª pessoal do singular) utiliza-se para objectos e também animais, embora com estes últimos também se possa utilizar “he” (ele) ou “she” (ela).

I have a car. It is red. Eu tenho um carro. Ele é vermelho.
pronomes-pessoais-em-ingles-exerciciospronomes-pessoais-em-ingles-exercicios

Eu I
Tu You
Ele He
Ela She
Ele/ela (objecto) It
Nós We
Vós You
Eles/elas They

COMPREENDER VOCABULÁRIO ACERCA DA FAMÍLIA

FAMÍLIA / FAMILY

Pais - Parents
Avós - Grandparents
Pai - Father
Mãe - Mother
Marido - Husband
Esposa – Wife
Irmão - Brother
Irmã - Sister
Filho - Son
Filha - Daughter
Avô - Grandfather
Avó - Grandmother
Neto - Grandson
Neta - Granddaughter
Tio - Uncle
Tia - Aunt
Sogro - Father-in-law
Sogra - Mother-in-law
Genro - Son-in-law
Nora - Daughter-in-law
Cunhado - Brother-in-law
Cunhada - Sister-in-law
Primo - Cousin
Prima - Cousin
Sobrinho - Nephew
Sobrinha - Niece

EXERCÍCIOS DE CONSOLIDAÇÃO

Exercise 1

Fill in the correct personal pronoun into the gaps. The words in brackets tell you which you should use.

Example:
___ often reads books. (Peter)
Answer: He often reads books.

1. ___ is reading a book. (Willy)
2. ___ is green. (The blackboard)
3. ___ are on the wall (The posters)
4. ___ is running. (The dog)
5. ___ are watching TV. (My mother and I)
6. ___ are in the garden. (The flowers)
7. ___ is riding his bike. (Tom)
8. ___ are dirty. (Robin's shoes)
9. ___ has got a brother. (Diana)

Exercise 2

Substitute the underlined words with the correct personal pronoun.

1. The girl likes cats
______ likes cats
2. The tree is very tall
______ is very tall
3. She and I are eating an ice cream
______ are eating an ice cream
4. The children are happy
______ are happy.
pronomes-pessoais-em-ingles-exerciciospronomes-pessoais-em-ingles-exercicios
5. The man was walking
_____ was walking.
5. My father and I are going to the park
_________ are going to the park.
6. The woman is happy.
______ is happy.
7. The apples are nice.
______ are nice.
8. The car is beautiful.
_______ is beautiful.
9. My sister is 9 years old
______ is 9 years old.
10 The bicycle is red.
______ is red.

Exercise 3

Members of a family (male / female). Write down the term for the opposite sex.

1. mother - ________
2. brother - _______
3. son - ________
4. uncle - _______
5. grandmother - _______
6. granddaughter - _______
7. nephew - _______
8. wife - _______
9. mother-in-law – _____
10. cousin - _____

Exercise 4

Scrambled letters: Find the correct words

Example: horadgmthner – grandmother
1. necul - ___________
2. nriachgdld - ________
3. agdtuerh - _______
4. rsesit - _________
5. mroeht - _______
6. nuta - _______
7. rotberh - _______
8. osn - ______

Exercise 5

Look at the family tree and choose the correct option.

1. Henry and Alice are Lori and Jen’s ____________
a) sisters b) parents c) grandparents
2. Don and Ellis are ___________
a) brother and sister b) husband and wife c) grandparents
3. Fred is an __________ of Don and Ellis
a) aunt b) uncle c) father
4. Sophie and John are the __________ of Don and Ellis.
a) grandparents b) uncles c) parents
5. Henry is the __________ of Lori, Jen, Don and Ellis.
a) uncle b) cousin c) grandfather
pronomes-pessoais-em-ingles-exerciciospronomes-pessoais-em-ingles-exercicios
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